The QPU device

The intention of the rigetti.qpu device is to construct a device that will allow for execution on an actual QPU. Constructing and using this device is very similar in design and implementation as the rigetti.qvm device, with slight differences at initialization, such as not supporting the keyword argument noisy.

In addition, rigetti.qpu also accepts the optional active_reset keyword argument:

active_reset (bool)

Whether to actively reset qubits instead of waiting for for qubits to decay to the ground state naturally. Default is False. Setting this to True results in a significantly faster expectation value evaluation when the number of shots is larger than ~1000.


A QPU device can be created via:

>>> import pennylane as qml
>>> dev_qpu = qml.device('rigetti.qpu', device='Aspen-M-2', shots=1000)

The QPU can then be used like this:

import pennylane as qml
from pennylane import numpy as np

def func(x, y):
    qml.BasisState(np.array([1, 1]), wires=0)
    qml.RY(x, wires=0)
    qml.RX(y, wires=1)
    qml.PSWAP(0.432, wires=[0, 1])
    qml.CNOT(wires=[0, 1])
    return expval(qml.PauliZ(1))

We can then integrate the quantum hardware and PennyLane’s automatic differentiation to determine analytic gradients:

>>> func(0.4, 0.1)
>>> df = qml.grad(func, argnum=0)
>>> df(0.4, 0.1)

Supported operations

All devices support all PennyLane operations and observables, with the exception of the PennyLane QubitStateVector state preparation operation.

quilc server configuration


If using the downloadable Forest SDK with the default server configurations for the Quil compiler (i.e., quilc -R), then no special configuration is needed. If using a non-default port or host for the server, see the pyQuil configuration documentation for details on how to override the default values.